Over the past few years, excitement has been growing for the idea of an “everything device” that you carry in your pocket. Why carry many separate physical and electronic devices for your phone, address book, calendar, planner, GPS, books, magazines, etc.? An iPhone, Blackberry, or Android-based smartphone will do it all.
There’s just one problem.
Just 15 years ago, interruption technology was mostly confined to the land line telephone. People used this interruption technology sparingly, calling businesses and homes at “reasonable” hours. And many people had rules for keeping interruptions to a minimum, such as my parents’ rule of not answering the phone during dinner.
Fast forward to 2011. Most people carry a cell phone at all times. Voice calls are now just one small part of an ongoing stream of interruptions. Many people set their phones to alert them for each incoming text, instant message, calendar event, and/or e-mail. Some go further with social status notifications from Twitter or Facebook, while others may want to be alerted every time a friend is nearby or their favorite team gets a score.
In addition to all of these “pushed” interruptions, there are self-induced interruptions. It’s all too tempting to frequently check (or “pull”) weather, scores, stock prices, etc. Many people elect to keep pushed interruptions to a minimum, but then obsessively check their smartphone. Whether self-induced or pushed, an interruption is an interruption.
On top of all this, social norms restraining interruptions have largely disappeared. Though some people with phones allow interruptions sparingly, many others check their phones constantly wherever they are, even while conversing, dining, or driving.
Interruptions are not just an issue with smartphones. Computers are becoming more distracting with alerts, notifications, animations, popup ads, and the ever present temptation to multitask unrelated activities. Numerous studies find that computers, smartphones, or any other form of interruption technology challenge our ability to do anything that requires sustained attention, such as reading, writing, working, playing, and conversing.
Clearly there are many types of interruption technology and they impact many of our activities. But most people carry phones, and many people spend quite a bit of their time reading. So let’s take a closer look at trying to read on a smartphone.
Reading on a Smartphone
How do you read on a smartphone, a device that constantly interrupts you?
You don’t. Okay, that’s a little strong. Phones such as the iPhone or Galaxy S display crystal clear text and have software that makes reading a breeze. They’re great for texts, tweets, short e-mails, short posts from your RSS or news reader . . . and any other small chunk of text that doesn’t require sustained attention to absorb. Some people have no problems reading longer text, even entire novels. But for many people it’s hard to read and fully absorb more than a few hundred words on a device that constantly interrupts you or tempts you to interrupt yourself.
What you can do is either turn off the interruptions or use a different device, the right device, for extended reading.
Turning Off Your Phone’s Interruptions
You can turn off interruptions on any kind of phone by simply disabling all alerts and connectivity. iPhones or Android devices have airplane mode. Blackberries have a silent profile. Less sophisticated phones usually have a way to turn off cell phone reception.
Airplane or silent modes are typically used to preserve battery life and/or silence phones in theaters or places of worship. Turn off the interruptions, and you may be able to read for as long as you like. How often have you heard people say they catch up on their reading on long airplane flights?
Silencing a phone may work well for some, but others may not want to be cut off completely from the rest of the world while reading. With a bit of fiddling, it is possible to configure some smart phones to only let through certain types of important phone calls or alerts. Reducing interruptions to just a few times per week would make for a reasonable reading experience, I would think.
Use a Different Device for Reading
I’ve tried turning off my Blackberry’s interruptions. It didn’t help. I simply checked more frequently for voice mails, e-mails, etc. Apparently, I’ve trained myself over the past decade to use my cell phone as an interruption device, no matter how smart or dumb it is. It’s not an easy habit to break, even if I wanted to.
My solution: Use a different device for reading.
I acknowledge that my smartphone is an interruption device not suitable for reading at length. I confine my interruptions to this one device. And I set it out of reach when reading something long or doing anything else that requires sustained attention such as writing, conversing, or eating dinner.
Which device is best for reading? In my case, it’s an iPod touch. What’s best for you will depend on your preferences for size, display type, battery life, price, and most importantly the kind of reading you do. For some people this may be an iPod touch or color tablet. For others it may be an E-ink device like the Nook or Kindle. And for some the traditional printed book is best. I suggest experimenting, taking note of what works best for you for sustained reading.
Interruption Technology in My Own Life
While writing and revising this post over the past month, an interesting thing happened. I became ever more aware of interruptions from my Blackberry, mostly self-induced. I came to think of it as an interruption device. And I changed.
I now follow the two device strategy. I repurposed my iPod touch into a reading device, by moving everything off the home screen that wasn’t related to reading or settings. And I no longer use my Blackberry for anything that requires sustained attention.
Here’s the best part: I move my Blackberry out of reach when I don’t want interruptions. At dinner, it’s 10 feet away. When working, it’s 5 feet away. When reading, I put the Blackberry in its charging cradle, which flips it into interruption-free bedside mode.
I like the results. I’m getting distracted less and sustaining attention more. Fewer interruptions mean better attention when I read, write, work, play, talk, or eat.
Now that I think of my phone as my one and only “interruption device,” I can set aside interruptions any time I want. It’s simple. Just move the phone.